История возникновения бетона

По некоторым данным бетон изобрели еще в Древней Месопотамии. Однако это очень сомнительная информация, проверить которую нереально. Статья о том, какая же настоящая история одного из самых популярных строительных материалов.

БетонСтроительные смеси известны с древних времен, о чем свидетельствуют огромные объекты, например Китайская стена или пирамиды. Материал, похожий на бетон использовали в Древнем Риме. Ученые вообще посчитали, что при строительстве Колизея использовали аж три вида бетона. Также известно, что этот материал применяли при строительстве кварталов для богатых, а также при возведении храмов.

Но первый патент на создание специальной и универсальной строительной смеси получил британец Джеймс Паркер в конце 18 века. Тогда в Англии начался промышленный переворот, что повлекло за собой огромное строительство фабрик и заводов. В такой ситуации бетон был незаменимым материалом. Его начали применять в любом жилищном и промышленном строительстве.

В конце 19 века садовод из Франции Монье решил укрепить бетонные горшки, которые рассыпались, специальным каркасом из проволоки. Это принесло ему огромную славу, ведь так были открыты железобетонные изделия. Сегодня этот материал пользуется большим спросом. Достаточно посмотреть статистику в поисковиках.

В России бетон начал активно распространяться в конце 19 столетия с развитием промышленности. Настоящий же бум использования ЖБИ в восточной Европе – это конец 1920-х – начало 1930-х, когда в годы первых пятилеток были построены огромные строительные объекты, а также города для рабочих.

ЖБИ в Рязани на официальном сайтеНа сегодняшний день можно заказать качественные ЖБИ в Рязани на официальном сайте компании ДСК Коловрат.

Из чего делают бетон

Основа бетонной смеси – это песок, чаще всего крупный. Его смешивают с тяжелым наполнителем, например гравием, затем заливают водой. В такой ситуации важно, чтобы не проникали редкие частички песка, ведь это может сильно испортить прочность. Именно поэтому вначале песок проходит специальную процедуру разделения на фракции в потоке воды, чтобы выпали мелкие частицы или образовались более плотные сгустки.

Там где идет стройка, обязательно требуется бетонная продукция. Особенно это касается ЖБИ. И, несмотря на тысячелетнюю историю бетона, патенту на эту строительную смесь всего чуть более 200 лет. Купить железобетонную продукцию не сложно: производители есть во многих городах, а реализация осуществляется через магазины и даже интернет, а все из-за большого спроса на бетон.

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Или читаем здесь. Спасибо!

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